Basics to Know about Advanced Prostate Cancer in Brooklyn
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According to figures published by the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is among the most common cancer types in American males, second only to skin cancer. This cancer type has a very slow rate of growth, so it might not be easily diagnosed in its early stages. But when advanced prostate cancer is diagnosed, it needs timely and effective treatment. The first thing to do would be to consult with a reputable oncology center in your city or state.
The urologist and oncologist handling your case will then suggest that you undergo a few tests to stage the cancer and also to make sure that it hasn’t spread to neighboring body parts.
What is prostate cancer and how is it caused?
As the name suggests, this type of cancer affects the prostate region. It begins when cells in the prostate gland grow at a rate that is not considered healthy. Such cancer usually grows at a very slow rate initially and hence it might present no clear signs or symptoms. In fact, it is not uncommon to see that most people realize they have cancer of the prostate region when they go for other tests.
A high level of prostate specific antigen (PSA) level in a blood sample is an indicator of the presence of early or advanced prostate cancer.
What are the risk factors for cancer of the prostate region?
To begin with, a risk factor is any direct or indirect influencer that could have an impact on your chances of getting a disease. Cancers too have their set of risk factors. Speaking specifically of cancers of the prostate region, age, ethnicity, family medical history, and genetic factors might be considered to be risk factors for cancer of the prostate region. Again, these would need to be discussed with your consulting doctor to take definitive steps in addressing the potential risk factors.
How is early or advanced prostate cancer treated?
There are several treatment options available, and they can be addressed according to the stage of the cancer. Cancer patients are classified into three categories – low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk.
For low risk patients, the recommended course of action could be watchful waiting, surgery if the patient’s age is less than 70 years, brachytherapy, and external beam therapy.
For patients in the intermediate risk category, doctors will likely recommend radical surgery if the patient is not more than 70 years of age. Brachytherapy could also be recommended by oncologists along with external beam therapy. The patient might be given hormones either along with the radiation therapy or before the therapy session commences.
If the patient has been classified as being high risk with advanced prostate cancer, then he might be administered external beam therapy, with brachytherapy. These patients are also administered hormones in addition to radiation treatments.